Ref: WW521, 1920, Harmsworth
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Original map first published c.1920. Republished July 2016.
World war one map, 1914 - 1918, depicting the different nationalities, and their location, in Central and Western Europe during the first world war 1914-1918. The map itself was published in 1920. Information was obtained from official censuses, as well as determined by their mother-tongue or the common every day language at that time. The key to the bottom right of the map is an explanation of which nationality is depicted by which colour.
Please see our blog for further reading on World War One.
Examples of Nationalities,1914 - 1918, as published in 1920:
Danes. - Inhabitants of Denmark; about 150,000 of them live in Northern Schleswig, in the territory annexed by Prussia in 1867.
Flemings. - The people of Northern Belgium who speak Flemish; akin to Dutch and German. Many Flemings are bilingual.
Germans. - The people of Germany. Germans also inhabit a large part of Austria, west, south-west, and south of Vienna. Isolated groups of Germans live in Hungary and Russia.
Italians. - The people of Italy. Small numbers of Italians live in the Trentino (the Southern Tirol) and round the northern end of the Adriatic Sea.
Jews. - Russian Poland, Austrian Galicia, and Northern Hungary contain about two-thirds of the Jews in the world. Most of them live in towns. Many Jews have changed their nationality and become e.g., Magyars
Lorrainers. - German or French speaking people of Lorraine.; of which part became German in 1871.
Poles. - 20,000,000 Poles live in Russian Poland, Eastern Germany, and Austrian Galicia. A branch of the Poles, the Kassubs, reach the Baltic Sea, west of Danzig. Poles are usually Roman Catholics.
Eastern, Northern, and South-Eastern Europe:
Albanians. - Moslems of Albania whose peach is unique in Europe.
Bulgars. - 5,000,000 people of Bulgaria; Slav by speech, Tartar by origin.
Finns. - 3,000,000 people of mixed race in North-west Russia.
Greeks. - Inhabitants of Greece, the Aegean Islands, and the coast-lands of the Aegean Sea. They are great traders, and from considerable minorities in many Mediterranean ports.
Russians, Great. - 50,000,000 Slavs who are Greek Orthodox. The predominant Russian race.
Russians, White. - 6,000,000 somewhat primitive Slavs who live east of Poland.
Russians, Little. - Ruthenians.
Turks. - Moslems, who mostly live in Anatolia (Asia Minor). There are some Turks still in the Constanople district.
Arabs.- Arabic speakers who live in Syria and Arabia.
Armenians. - A scattered Christian people who have escaped massacre by the Turks.
Kurds. - Moslems, many of whom are akin to the Persians. Turkish subjects.
Tartars. - Moslems of mixed origin. In Turkey inexorable foes to Christians. Turkish or Russian subjects.
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