Ref: Industry012, 1900, George Phillip & Son
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Old map of Spain & Portugal Industries and Communications circa 1900. Steam ship routes, including distance between ports in nautical miles and time taken to travel, are clearly labelled. For example St Michael (Azores) to Gibraltor took 4 days by steamship in 1900, and London to Bilbao 3 1/2 days.
Valencia is a port city on Spains southeastern coast, where the Turia River meets the Mediterranean Sea, producing lemons, raisins, and almonds.
Madrid is the capital of Spain. The El Atazar Dam (built in 1968, 70 years after this map was published) is an arch dam built near Madrid, on the Lozoya River, where the Lozoya joins the Jarama River. The city is known for producing pottery, linen, and glass.
Salt and fruits are produced on the Balearic Islands, an archipelago off eastern Spain. Majorca is the largest island.
In Portugal, the Tagus River runs along the Spain - Portugal border and empties in to the Atlantic Ocean near Lisbon, the capital city. As the map depicts, horses are bred here, and oysters are harvested from the ocean.
Porto is a coastal city in northwest Portugal known for it's port wine production.
Additional industries and manufactures found in Portugal include marble, chestnuts and figs.
George Phillip (1800 - 1882) was a cartographer and map publisher during the nineteenth century. Born in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, he founded his business in Liverpool, producing maps and educational books. His son, George II, joined the business in 1848 and they moved to London in 1856, trading under the name George Phillip & Son.
Originally producing maps from copper plates which were hand coloured (usually by women), they progressed to producing machine coloured maps on a power-driven lithographic press by the latter half of the nineteenth century. They published maps from various cartographers including J.Bartholomew.
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