Ref: Industry011, 1900, George Phillip & Son
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Old map of South America Industries and Communications circa 1900. Steam ship routes, including distance between ports in nautical miles and time taken to travel, are clearly labelled. For example Para, Brazil to Liverpool, England took 18 days by steamship in 1900, and Wellington to Rio De Janiero took 23 days.
Blumenhau is a city in the state of Santa Catarina, in southern Brazil. The Itajai River flows through Blumenhau, Gaspar, Brusque, and Navegantes, amongst others, and this area is known for it's production of animal hides.
Peru is labelled as producing borax, cocaine, and nitrate of soda. Borax is a natural mineral with a chemical compound. It is used in products such as insect killer, and household cleaner.
Very little information is known about the produce of the very southern tip of South America at the time this map was published. The interior of Paraguay is mainly blank, bar a few produces labelled around the exterior and coast, including sea-lion in the Gulf of St.George.
Additional manufactures and produces include emeralds in Colombia, gold, and tonka bean, in Venezuela, beef and cattle in Argentina, and frozen mutton from the Falkland Islands.
George Phillip (1800 - 1882) was a cartographer and map publisher during the nineteenth century. Born in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, he founded his business in Liverpool, producing maps and educational books. His son, George II, joined the business in 1848 and they moved to London in 1856, trading under the name George Phillip & Son.
Originally producing maps from copper plates which were hand coloured (usually by women), they progressed to producing machine coloured maps on a power-driven lithographic press by the latter half of the nineteenth century. They published maps from various cartographers including J.Bartholomew.
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