Ref: Industry009, 1900, George Phillip & Son
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Old map of Near East Industries and Communications circa 1900. Steam ship routes, including distance between ports in nautical miles and time taken to travel, are clearly labelled. For example Mombasa to Goa took 10 days by steamship in 1900, and Aden to Bombay 5 days.
The Syrian Desert, also known as Hamad, covers 500,000 square kilometres of the Middle East, including part of Syria, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq. This area is known for camels and horse breeding.
Medina, also known as the 'Radiant City', located in Saudi Arabia, produces frankincense. Frankincense is an aromatic resin, obtained from Boswellia trees, and used in incense and perfumes.
Kerman, a city in Iran, which was still Persia at the time this map was published in 1900, grew opium poppies. Persia became Iran in 1935.
Kabul, Afghanistan, produces wool.
Bombay, India, cottons and tobacco.
Teak and rubber is produced in Siam, which is now Thailand after the name was changed in 1939.
George Phillip (1800 - 1882) was a cartographer and map publisher during the nineteenth century. Born in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, he founded his business in Liverpool, producing maps and educational books. His son, George II, joined the business in 1848 and they moved to London in 1856, trading under the name George Phillip & Son.
Originally producing maps from copper plates which were hand coloured (usually by women), they progressed to producing machine coloured maps on a power-driven lithographic press by the latter half of the nineteenth century. They published maps from various cartographers including J.Bartholomew.
|Dissected in a marbled slip case
|Rolled in a plain tube
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