Ref: Industry008, 1900, George Phillip & Son
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Old map of Italy Industries and Communications circa 1900. Steam ship routes, including distance between ports in nautical miles and time taken to travel, are clearly labelled. For example Gibraltar to Naples took 3 1/2 days to travel by steamship in 1900, and Genoa to Messina 5 days.
Genoa - located on the Gulf of Genoa in the Ligurian Sea, Genoa is historically one of the most important ports in the Mediterranean. Main industries include ship building, and the manufacture of iron and steel.
Rome - the capital of Italy, also referred to as 'The Eternal City', is famed for producing Mosaics by talented craftsmen. Mosaics are images constructed by hundreds of small pieces of glass, stone, and gems, called 'Tesserae'. Often used as a sign of wealth and importance in public buildings and baths.
Perugia - located in central Italy, and crossed by the river Tiber, goats are farmed primarily for their meat, and milk, also for use in the produce of butter and cheese.
Other produces across Italy include figs, oranges, olive oil, silks, and porcelain.
The Tyrrhenian Sea, and the islands of Corsica, Sardinia, and Sicily, are known for sardines, and anchovies. The Adriatic Sea for sponges and mackerel.
George Phillip (1800 - 1882) was a cartographer and map publisher during the nineteenth century. Born in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, he founded his business in Liverpool, producing maps and educational books. His son, George II, joined the business in 1848 and they moved to London in 1856, trading under the name George Phillip & Son.
Originally producing maps from copper plates which were hand coloured (usually by women), they progressed to producing machine coloured maps on a power-driven lithographic press by the latter half of the nineteenth century. They published maps from various cartographers including J.Bartholomew.
Genoa is the birthplace of Christopher Columbus in 1451. Master navigator and admiral, his official title of 'Admiral of the Ocean Sea' was recognised on his return from his first voyage to America. During his lifetime Columbus undertook four major voyages across the Atlantic Ocean under the sponsorship of Catholic Monarch's Ferdinand II of Aragon, and Isabella I of Castile.
|Dissected in a marbled slip case
|Rolled in a plain tube
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