Ref: Industry007, 1900, George Phillip & Son
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Old map of Germany Industries and Communications circa 1900. Steam ship routes, including distance between ports in nautical miles and time taken to travel, are clearly labelled. For example Hull to Hamburg took 1 1/2 days by steamship in 1900.
Hamburg, a port city, is connected to the North Sea by the Elbe River. In May 1842 the Great Fire of Hamburg burned for four days, destroying a quatre of the inner city, killing 51, and rendering 20,000 people homeless. Recontrsuction took more than forty years, and was not completed until 18 years before this map was published. At this time, the produce of Hamburg is listed as chemicals, and sugar.
Munich, on the banks of the River Isar, is famed for it's beer.
Cologne is located on both sides of the river Rhine. The construction of Cologne Cathedral took over 600 years - building began in 1248 and was not completed until 1880 -20 years before this map was published. The twin spires stand at at 157 metres, and the Cathedral was the world's tallest building until 1884. The Washington Monument, at 169 metres, surpassed it in 1884, followed by the Eiffel Tower at 324 metres in 1889. The 'Shrine of the Three Magi' or 'Tomb of the Three Kings' can be found there. Cologne is known for it's wheat.
The Baltic region is home to largest known deposit of amber, called Baltic amber. Amber is fossilised tree resin. Insects, and birds, found preserved in amber have been dated back to 100 million years ago.
George Phillip (1800 - 1882) was a cartographer and map publisher during the nineteenth century. Born in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, he founded his business in Liverpool, producing maps and educational books. His son, George II, joined the business in 1848 and they moved to London in 1856, trading under the name George Phillip & Son.
Originally producing maps from copper plates which were hand coloured (usually by women), they progressed to producing machine coloured maps on a power-driven lithographic press by the latter half of the nineteenth century. They published maps from various cartographers including J.Bartholomew.
Albert Einstein was born in Ulm, Wurttemberg on 14th March, 1879.
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