Ref: Industry004, 1900, George Phillip & Son
Please hover to zoom in
Old map of British Isles Industries and Communications circa 1900. Steam ship routes, including distance between ports in nautical miles and time taken to travel, are clearly labelled. For example New York to Glasgow is 2959 nautical miles, and Cork to Bristol took 19 hours by steamship in 1900.
The fishing industry in Scotland has always been a major food source, and holds great ecomomic importance to Scotland, more so than the rest of the British Isles. Many of the communities are incredibly remote - the Outer Hebrides, also known as the Western Isles, are a chain of islands off the west coast of mainland Scotland, seperated by the waters of the Minch, the Little Minch, and the Sea of the Hebrides. Herring and cod are the main produce. The Atlantic Ocean is fished for sole, the North Sea flounder and haddock, and Orkney, an archipelago located off the north-east coast of Scotland, lobster.
England's produce includes lavendar in Bedford, orchards in Folkestone, cattle, sheep, copper, and granite in the southwest.
Wales is known for it's mining industries - coal, gold, and zinc for example. The mountainous region of Snowdonia is particularly famed for it's slate. Slate is still mined there today - from deposits laid down around 500 million years ago.
Ireland has a variety of produce - Dublin, on the east coast of Ireland at the mouth of the River Liffey, whiskey, Limerick - pigs and bacon, and Galway - baskets.
An inset map details the pastoral and agricultural regions - heaths, pasture, bogs, or arable land, as the colour chart. Agricultural produce across the Biritsh Isles includes potatoes, wheat, turnips, barey, hops, and oats.
George Phillip (1800 - 1882) was a cartographer and map publisher during the nineteenth century. Born in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, he founded his business in Liverpool, producing maps and educational books. His son, George II, joined the business in 1848 and they moved to London in 1856, trading under the name George Phillip & Son.
Originally producing maps from copper plates which were hand coloured (usually by women), they progressed to producing machine coloured maps on a power-driven lithographic press by the latter half of the nineteenth century. They published maps from various cartographers including J.Bartholomew.
|Dissected in a marbled slip case
|Rolled in a plain tube
All prices include VAT and Free UK Shipping.
We make our own frames from moulding hand finished in our workshops. The standard finish is a distressed black with a gold slip inserted for the larger maps.
We finish the moulding in two other colours, Antique Red and Antique Green. These colours can be used on any of our prints or maps, both reproductions and originals, but have been chosen specifically to suit some of the antique prints and illustrations.
Some of the maps are very big so for weight, shipping and safety reasons we use 3mm acrylic as the glazing material.