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Horwood's Plan of the cities of London & Westminster circa 1799

Richard Horwood's plan of London & Westminster, the borough of Southwark, and parts adjoining shewing every house, took a decade of work to complete. 18th century London was rapidly expanding. Planning began in the late 1780's, and the map itself was produced between the years 1792-1799, when the completed map was initially published. The information contained within the map was a huge undertaking, with no other maps depicting such detail at the time. Not only is every street, square, court, and alley illustrated - but every individual house. Horwood was a little know cartographer at the time, who secured the funding for the map by charging subscriptions as each sheet of the map was completed. The price for the map in it's entirety was 5 pounds and five shillings. Very few people could afford such a huge sum of money, the equivalent of hundreds of pounds by today's standards, so purchasing the map on a sheet by sheet basis meant the cost of the map could be spread over several years. This did however mean the overall cost of the map was higher - at £8. More funds for the huge endeavour were still needed, and Horwood secured a loan from the Phoenix Fire Office, in return for dedicating the map to the company.

In May 1800 he wrote of the map.."The execution of it has cost me nine years severe labour and indefatigable perseverance; and these years formed the most valuable part of my life. I took every angle; measured almost every line; and after that, plotted and compared the whole work. The engraving, considering the immense mass of work, is, I flatter myself, well done".

The map is now considered one of the finest 18th century maps ever produced of London, however Richard Horwood died in Liverpool, impoverished, a mere 4 years later, in 1803. As was common practice at the time, on his death the engraved plates were passed on to another cartographer, William Faden, who revised and updated them to produce three new editions of the plan in 1807, 1813, and 1819.

Old London Map Artillery Lane - Wapping Street - The Tower - Bermondsey circa 17...

Old London Map Artillery Lane - Wapping Street - The Tower - Bermondsey circa 1799
Ref: Horwood013 Bermondsey
1799
Richard Horwood
Old London Map Artillery Lane - Wapping Street - The Tower - Bermondsey circa 1799

Old London Map Cheapside - Bishopgate Street - Finsbury Place - Lower Thames Str...

Old London Map Cheapside - Bishopgate Street - Finsbury Place - Lower Thames Street circa 1799
Ref: Horwood004 Royal Exchange & Cornhill
1799
Richard Horwood
Old London Map Cheapside - Bishopgate Street - Finsbury Place - Lower Thames Street circa 1799

Old London Map Fenchurch Street - Sloane Square - Spitalfields Market - Little T...

Old London Map Fenchurch Street - Sloane Square - Spitalfields Market - Little Tower Hill circa 1799
Ref: Horwood005 White Chapel & Spitalfields Market
1799
Richard Horwood
Old London Map Fenchurch Street - Sloane Square - Spitalfields Market - Little Tower Hill circa 1799

Old London Map Grosvenor Street - Brewer Street - Portland Street - Berkley Squa...

Old London Map Grosvenor Street - Brewer Street - Portland Street - Berkley Square circa 1799
Ref: Horwood001 Hanover Square & Oxford Street
1799
Richard Horwood
Old London Map Grosvenor Street - Brewer Street - Portland Street - Berkley Square circa 1799

Old London Map Islington - Foundling Hospital - Malden Lane - Great Ormond Stree...

Old London Map Islington - Foundling Hospital - Malden Lane - Great Ormond Street circa 1799
Ref: Horwood017 Islington
1799
Richard Horwood
Old London Map Islington - Foundling Hospital - Malden Lane - Great Ormond Street circa 1799

Old London Map Kennington Green - Newington - West Square - Kennington Common ci...

Old London Map Kennington Green - Newington - West Square - Kennington Common circa 1799
Ref: Horwood016 Kennington
1799
Richard Horwood
Old London Map Kennington Green - Newington - West Square - Kennington Common circa 1799

Old London Map King's Road - Charter House - Islington Road - Hatton Garden circ...

Old London Map King's Road - Charter House - Islington Road - Hatton Garden circa 1799
Ref: Horwood018 Islington Road & Charter House
1799
Richard Horwood
Old London Map King's Road - Charter House - Islington Road - Hatton Garden circa 1799

Old London Map Leicester Square - High Holborn - Bedford Square - The Strand cir...

Old London Map Leicester Square - High Holborn - Bedford Square - The Strand circa 1799
Ref: Horwood002 Leicester Square & Soho
1799
Richard Horwood
Old London Map Leicester Square - High Holborn - Bedford Square - The Strand circa 1799

Old London Map Lincoln's Inn - St Paul's Churchyard - Hatton Garden - Black Fria...

Old London Map Lincoln's Inn - St Paul's Churchyard - Hatton Garden - Black Friars Bridge circa 1799
Ref: Horwood003 Holborn & The City
1799
Richard Horwood
Old London Map Lincoln's Inn - St Paul's Churchyard - Hatton Garden - Black Friars Bridge circa 1799

Old London Map New Road - Tottenham Court - Hampstead Road - Fitzroy Square circ...

Old London Map New Road - Tottenham Court - Hampstead Road - Fitzroy Square circa 1799
Ref: Horwood010 Tottenham Court
1799
Richard Horwood
Old London Map New Road - Tottenham Court - Hampstead Road - Fitzroy Square circa 1799

Old London Map Old Street - Hoxton Square - Chatham Gardens - Finsbury Square ci...

Old London Map Old Street - Hoxton Square - Chatham Gardens - Finsbury Square circa 1799
Ref: Horwood019 Finsbury Square & Old Street
1799
Richard Horwood
Old London Map Old Street - Hoxton Square - Chatham Gardens - Finsbury Square circa 1799

Old London Map Paddington - Portman Square - Gloucester Street - Park Lane circa...

Old London Map Paddington - Portman Square - Gloucester Street - Park Lane circa 1799
Ref: Horwood021 Paddington & Park Lane
1799
Richard Horwood
Old London Map Paddington - Portman Square - Gloucester Street - Park Lane circa 1799

Old London Map Pall Mall - Bridge Road - Charing Cross - Westminster circa 1799

Old London Map Pall Mall - Bridge Road - Charing Cross - Westminster circa 1799
Ref: Horwood009 Westminster
1799
Richard Horwood
Old London Map Pall Mall - Bridge Road - Charing Cross - Westminster circa 1799

Old London Map Piccadilly - Pall Mall - Pimlico - Grosvenor circa 1799

Old London Map Piccadilly - Pall Mall - Pimlico - Grosvenor circa 1799
Ref: Horwood008 Piccadilly & Green Park
1799
Richard Horwood
Old London Map Piccadilly - Pall Mall - Pimlico - Grosvenor circa 1799

Old London Map Poplar Marshes circa 1799

Old London Map Poplar Marshes circa 1799
Ref: Horwood015 Poplar Marshes
1799
Richard Horwood
Old London Map Poplar Marshes circa 1799

Old London Map Queen Street - Kent Street - London Bridge - Bermondsey circa 179...

Old London Map Queen Street - Kent Street - London Bridge - Bermondsey circa 1799
Ref: Horwood012 Southwark & Bermondsey
1799
Richard Horwood
Old London Map Queen Street - Kent Street - London Bridge - Bermondsey circa 1799

Old London Map Shard Street - Rotherhithe - Shadwell Dock - Deptford circa 1799

Old London Map Shard Street - Rotherhithe - Shadwell Dock - Deptford circa 1799
Ref: Horwood014 Rotherhithe
1799
Richard Horwood
Old London Map Shard Street - Rotherhithe - Shadwell Dock - Deptford circa 1799

Old London Map Shoreditch - Bethnal Green - Hackney Road - Brick Lane crca 1799

Old London Map Shoreditch - Bethnal Green - Hackney Road - Brick Lane crca 1799
Ref: Horwood020 Shoreditch & Bethnal Green
1799
Richard Horwood
Old London Map Shoreditch - Bethnal Green - Hackney Road - Brick Lane crca 1799

Old London Map Stepney - Rope Walk - Bow Common - Limehouse circa 1799

Old London Map Stepney - Rope Walk - Bow Common - Limehouse circa 1799
Ref: Horwood007 Stepney & Limehouse
1799
Richard Horwood
Old London Map Stepney - Rope Walk - Bow Common - Limehouse circa 1799

Old London Map Westminster Bridge Road - Borough Road - Albion Street - Lambeth...

Old London Map Westminster Bridge Road - Borough Road - Albion Street - Lambeth Road circa 1799
Ref: Horwood011 Westminster Bridge Road
1799
Richard Horwood
Old London Map Westminster Bridge Road - Borough Road - Albion Street - Lambeth Road circa 1799

Old London Map White Chapel - Stepney Green - Mile End - Rope Walk circa 1799

Old London Map White Chapel - Stepney Green - Mile End - Rope Walk circa 1799
Ref: Horwood006 White Chapel & Rope Walk
1799
Richard Horwood
Old London Map White Chapel - Stepney Green - Mile End - Rope Walk circa 1799
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