Ref: Cary002, 1787, John Cary
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An antique county map of Staffordshire first published c.1787, republished 2018. John Cary (1754 - 1835) was an English cartographer, engraver and map seller prominent in London during the late 18th century and early 19th century. Originally produced using copper plates, and fine engraving, Cary's maps are highly detailed and easily readable. Villages, towns, and cities labelled include Horton, Leek, Cheadle, Stafford, Litchfield, and Wolverhampton.
Staffordshire is an inland county, which during the Saxon heptarchy, belonged to the kingdom of Mercia, is now belonging to the province of Cantebury, is in the dicocese of Lichfield and Coventry, and is inlcuding the Oxford circuit. It is in the form of a lozenge, being pointed at both ends, and broadest in the middle; is situated near the centre of England. It is 30 miles broad, 48 long, and 220 in circuit, containing 874 square acres, divided into 5 hundreds, 130 parishes, 39 vicarages, 670 villages; one city, Lichfield, which sends 2 members to parliament, and enjoys the see of a bishop in conjunction with Coventry; and 17 market towns, viz. Stafford, which gives the title of Marquis to the Gower family, and sends 2 members to parliament; Tamworth, which gives the title of Viscount to the Ferrers family, and sends 2 members to parliament; besides those are Burton, Uttoxeter, Tutbury, Wolverhampton, Ecclehall, Cheadle, Abbot's Bromley, Betley Brewood, Leek, Penkridge, Rudgeley, Stone, and Walsall. It's prinicpal rivers (besides the navigable canal from Birmingham) are the Trent, Manyfold, Chernet, Lime, Penk, Stour, Tern, Dove, Borne, Sow, Blith, Tean, and Smestall. The most noted places are Ecston, Moon and Mowcap Hills, the Cloud, Needwood Forest, Cannock Wood or Chace, and Black Meer. It sends 10 members to parliament, pays 7 parts of the land-tax, and provides 560 men to the national militia; produces corn, fish, coals, iron, copper, lead, alabaster, stone, lime-stone, marble, etc. ; and excellent ale, woollens, iron, and earthen-ware manufactures. The air is good, very healthy, but sharp in the North and Moorlands. - as published c.1787