Ref: Cary019, 1787, John Cary
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An antique county map of Northumberland first published c.1787, republished 2018. John Cary (1754 - 1835) was an English cartographer, engraver and map seller prominent in London during the late 18th century and early 19th century. Originally produced using copper plates, and fine engraving, Cary's maps are highly detailed and easily readable. Villages, towns, and cities labelled include Alnwick, Morpeth, Newcastlee, Hexham, and Stamford.
Northumberland is a maritime county, which gives the title of Duke and Earl to the family of Percy; during the Saxon heptarchy, it belonged to the kingdom of the Northumbrians; it is now in the province of York, diocese of Durham, and in the Northern cicuit. It is 30 miles long, 24 broad, and 130 miles in circumference; containing 414 square miles, or 264, 960 sqaure acres, divided into 6 wards, 460 parishes, 9 vicarages, 279 villages, and 12 market-towns, viz. Newcastle, the county town, which gives the title of Duke to the Clinton family, and sends 2 members to parliament; Berwick, sends 2 members to parliament, and gives the title of Viscount to the Howard family; Alnwickgives the title of Baron to the Percy family; Belford the same honour to the family of Graham; also Hexham, Billignham, Woller, Rothbury, Haltwesel, Ellesdon, and Learmouth. Among the villages, Tyndall gives the title of Baron to the family of Scott. The rivers are the Tweed, Tyne, North and South Tyne, Alne, Wensbeck, Coquet, Bramish, Usway, Blythe, Till, East and West Alou. The most noted places are Sunderland Point, Cape Bothal; Holy, Fern, and Croquet Isles; Staple's Rocks, Black Middens, Clifford's Fort, Dunstanburg Castle, Bamburgh and Tinemouth, and several other Isles; Staple's Rocks, Black Middens, Clifford's Fort, Dunstanburg Castle,Bamburgh and Tinemouth, and several other Castles; Tweed Mouth, Alnemouth, Tinemouth, and Wensbeckmouth Havens; Felton Bridge, Cheviet, Flodden, and Stainmore Hills, Hexham and Lowes Forests; with the Picts' Wall. The product of the country is game, corn,salmon, allum, iron, and lead, with an inexhaustible fund of coals. It's chief manufactures, gass, wrought-iron, and falt. The air is sharp and cold, subject to boisterous winds, frost and snow. It sends 8 members to parliament, as before shewn; pays 4 parts of the land-tax, and provides 500 men to the national militia. It abounds with Roman antiquities, and affords infinite fund for the Antiquarian.